Mysterious Civilizations Attached to Clay

Below are the mysterious civilizations with traces left made of clay.

Norte Chico civilization

The Norte Chico civilization (3,500 BC – 1,800 BC – BC), also known as Caral civilization or Caral-Supe, contains many mysteries. Originally this was the Chico settlement located north of the capital Lima (Peru) today.

The most impressive achievement of Norte Chico civilization is the massive architecture and weaving. Especially the pyramids and complex irrigation systems make Norte Chico become a place with developed agriculture and capable of self-sufficiency. Today, in this land, there are many massive ancient works, including pyramids and the rest of the complex irrigation systems. So far, six pyramids have been discovered in Peru, including the largest pyramid called Piramide Mayor. There is no evidence that the Norte Chico people were involved in war or conflict. Settlements centered around the three major rivers should cause the destruction of this civilization to be assumed to be due to prolonged droughts that have caused the population to die or migrate.

Nineveh civilization

The Nineveh civilization (6,000 – 612 BC) was one of the oldest and greatest civilizations in the world. King Sennacherib (704 – 681 BC) decided to take Nineveh as the capital of the Assyrian Empire, building a large wall with 15 surrounding gates and other works such as parks, canals, bridges and a palace. Some scholars believe that the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon in Nineveh were built by this king.

In addition to the above architectures, there is a huge library in Nineveh, containing more than 30,000 clay tablets depicting patterns and data. Scholars and scholars rushed here to make Nineveh a center of art, science and architecture of the Middle East at that time. One of the most unusual articles found here is similar in content to Noah’s Ark (Noah’s boat), the Book of Genesis in the Bible.

Vinca civilization

Vinca civilization (5,000 – 3,500 BC) is the world’s earliest written civilization, with about 700 characters, most of which are found in the form of carvings on pottery. Vinca’s farming system makes it one of the most developed Neolithic cultures that people have ever known. The first archaeological evidence was discovered in 1908 at Belo Brdo hill near Belgrade. Settlements are believed to have existed for more than 1,000 years before being abandoned. Each of these settlements contained several thousand people living in houses made of clay and mud mixed with straw.

Statue of “The King of Stamford Bridge”

Lynn Osgood and Elaine Hutchinson, and former Chelsea players contributed to the statue of “The King of Stamford Bridge”. The work has just been opened last Friday.

The two wives of Peter Osgood and the former teammate who once stood with him, Ian Hutchinson, who knew Osgood better than anyone, co-directed the sculptor Philip Jackson to sketch the most complete picture of Chelsea’s legend.

They succeeded when the statue showed a true image of the 9th star for a while.

“It’s amazing,” Mrs Lynn said on the club’s official website. “People were worried a lot when the work was going on but now they all show interest in the work.”

“I was anxious to wonder what the statue would look like when it was finished, but when I saw the statue, I found it more beautiful than I imagined it was a thousand times.”

“The work perfectly describes him. It shows the personality and personality of Peter – The King of Stamford Bridge,” she added.

Contributing for a long time apart from Lynn (left photo) also has Elaine (right photo), wife of Ian Hutchinson, another Chelsea legend. Ian is a close friend of Osgood both on and off the pitch. They even managed a pub together.
“We were assigned to search for images before,” explained Elaine.

“Lynn has a lot of pictures but I also found many other photos of Peter and Ian while they were still together.”

“The working time is very touching. People give love to the work in different ways. But worry also covers everyone during that time. Everyone is afraid that the incident will happen and lead to When I see the statue people will say, ‘That’s not Peter.’

“But everything is perfect after all. The way he stands there is like saying: ‘Come on, whether you leave or stay! – I’m still here forever.’

In charge of club history, Mr. Rick Glanvill also helped Jackson in creating shoes, shirts of the 60s and 70s, even the ball on the statue.

“I’m grateful to Rick,” said Mrs. Lynn. “He provided us with photos, videos, books and everything related to Osgood.”

“The work requires a lot of work but without errors at any stage, Philip has created a great work.”

Darren, Osgood’s son, was also excited to admire his father’s bronze statue. After the death of Peter Osgood in 2006, Mrs Lynn built a charity called The Peter Osgood Trust, an established organization that helps improve the lives of disadvantaged children and young citizens in London. . This organization received many contributions from Chelsea fans. On this occasion, Mrs. Lynn also thanked everyone who contributed to the development of the charity.

“It is associated with the name of Peter Osgood, I hope everyone will join hands to develop this meaningful organization.”

Extremely cool trends in contemporary ceramic art

From Face Jars to the Fractured Fairy Tales, and all that is being done on clay materials. Below is a list of trends in contemporary ceramic art, ranging from porcelain items spread across global trade routes to clay adorned with different hair and shades.

Face Jars
The story of Face Vessels and how they came to the United States at the same time brought both attractiveness and destruction, because it represented the cultural interference of Kongo with Middle Passage and American art. While some may be more open to publicizing their source, ceramic works are often hidden or forgotten by Dan McCarthy, William J. O’Brien, and Jeffrey Mitchell.

Creation / Destruction
Smooth, crumpled, or collapsed, these ceramic works were created by crushing the traditional form. The Robert Chamberlain jars were created with a creative combination of baking equipment with domestic appliances. The works of Ulrika Strömbäck and Kathy Butterly point out the boundary between creativity and destruction brings a very magical effect.

Mad Hatter’s Tea Party
The works of Patrick Purcell and Yeesookyung are flashy, ostentatious, and a lot of techniques you won’t be able to see anywhere besides the Mad Hatter tea parties. In particular, Arlene Shechet cooperated with the famous Meissen porcelain factories in Dresden, to unite nobility and elegance with absurdity and a burning energy. Like Lewis Carroll in Alice in Wonderland, these works contain a bit more insanity and danger but still carry the vanitas tradition of Jessica Stoller and Mounir Fatmi. They were included in the Museum of Art and Design at an exhibition entitled “Body & Soul: New International Ceramics“.

Anti-Ceramic Mush
Simultaneously presenting roughness and sophistication, spontaneous and deliberate, these ceramics use colors and textures to represent themes around gender and race. The works of artists Beverly Semmes, Lynda Benglis and Polly Apfelbaum have a free, funny and sensual structure, but they also come with political views and perspectives.

Work that Body
Whether glossy and bloody like Jessica Harrison’s sculpture or rough and sprayed like Ellen Lesperance, these works use the structures of pottery to push the human form from tangible to transcendent. In Giacometti’s long tradition, artists manipulate, distort, and stretch the frame to transform the defaulted data into what is imaginative, engaging, and often infuriating. pain.

Fractured Fairytales
With works combining simplicity and scaryness like nightmares, but always surreal, Miwa Ryosaku and Klara Kristalova brought to the dark side of fairy tales. Using both the Goose Girl and popular fables (Cinderella) as inspiration, these artists turn from Disney stories to the haunting originals of the Brothers Grimm.

 Life’s A Beach
Allison Schulnik and Simone Leigh returned to nature to inspire their work, especially the beach, cleverly combining everything from many textures, from painting to conch shells to creating sleek silhouette for money snail shell. This trend is strongly environmental, described by Lisa Sanditz’s cactus pottery that cracks and crumbles under the unnatural pressure of commercial interests.

The Ol ’Blue and White
Ceramic works created by artists including Chu Teh-Chun and Ann Agee are quite similar to the classic blue and white ceramics that were developed in Asia in the 14th century and are present all over the world. as an extremely expensive item on global trade routes. Young artists Jesse Small and Raed Yassin have reused white and blue patterns for a contemporary trend; Small’s Triton Ghost # 1 recalls the origins of commercial ceramics as well as Mrs. Pac Man’s.

Wax statues museums – the destinations that worth visiting in HongKong

The first Madame Tussauds wax museum opened in London in 1835 and now has many locations around the world. The Hong Kong branch is the first in Asia and opened in 2000.

The wax museum in Hong Kong is located inside the famous Peak Tower – a famous shopping complex with ultra modern design and breathtaking views. Visit this Museum, visitors can admire many world famous faces in ten themed areas: Hong Kong charm, Royal, history and national heroes, television, world stars, SCREAM, Championship, legend, music monument and Fantasy Kingdom.

Located on a mountain, this museum opens a world of lifelike wax figures of celebrities, from artists to politicians. Here, visitors can take photos with wax figures of famous people that tourists love.

Hong Kong Madame Tussauds invested 20 million HKD, with over 100 wax statues. Although the fare is not cheap, every day thousands of people line up to “meet” their stars and idols.
At the museum there are more than 100 wax figures with a scale of 1: 1 on display across three floors. With each wax statue, the museum’s sculptors have to spend 3-4 months working to make the character lively, with eyes to attract viewers. Each statue looks, but it all exudes their own charisma and style. In particular, each wax statue has the same character and measurements as the real character.
To get the doll in Madame Tussauds, the characters must ensure two factors: fame, excellence.

At the entrance of the museum, visitors will get the wax statue of the martial arts star Jackie Chan to pick up before starting the journey through many thematic areas including Music Idol, Hong Kong Glamor area (the throne Famous stars) and Champion area.

In addition to the enjoyment of the wax sculpture of famous people, Madame Tussauds Hong Kong also offers visitors a completely new experience in the Scream area. Here, visitors will play a passenger who strayed into an abandoned psychiatric hospital and had to find his way out of the dark corridors, avoiding wax statues as well as scary makeup actors nape hair. Occasionally on the way there will be unexpected obstacles appear that visitors are afraid to take heart and also cry out in a frightened way. If you are a fan of haunted houses and horror games, Scream is a place for visitors to visit.

End the journey with the stars at Hong Kong’s Madame Tussauds souvenir shop, which sells a lot of souvenirs and gifts; from individual hand waxes, to small figurines, 3D glass cubes and many other options.

Walking around a museum, it is very interesting to see the wax forming technology. Possibly, the image creation technique has far advanced compared to the early days of sculptor Marie Tussauds. From the exhibition of some famous figures in England and France more than 200 years ago, Marie Tussauds has now opened its doors in many major cities around the world. Each museum is a space gathering wax figures of politicians, scientists, writers, amateurs, music stars, athletes … for generations. It is estimated that there are thousands of stars in all areas appearing in the Madame Tussauds museum system.

With over 100 wax figures, Madame Tussauds Hong Kong will bring an interesting experience to all visitors in the Hong Kong tour. And the interaction with the famous star, where every visitor can become a star, or simply compare themselves to the wax statue.

Is The Clay Statue in Italy The Final Work of Leonardo Da Vinci?

Leonardo Da Vinci is a painter, sculptor and inventor, famous works and handed down through history. In 1519, he died at the age of 67, leaving many regrets. Recently, art managers in Italy suspect a strange sculpture is the last surviving work of Leonardo Da Vinci.

The Virgin with the Laughing Child has long been considered a sculpture by an Italian artist named Antoni Rossellino. The Virgin with the Laughing Child is a sculptured statue kept in London’s Victoria & Albert Museum since 1858 and recorded under the name Antonio Rossellino. The material of this statue is red clay. However, recent art researchers suspect that Leonardo Da Vinci was the creator of it in 1472. At the Master of Leonardo exhibition at Palazzo Strozzi in Florence (Italy), the curators showed the work and revealed that this is the only surviving sculpture of Leonardo Da Vinci. He used red clay to make it when he was a student of Andrea Del Verrocchio.

This sculpture being exhibited in Leonardo Da Vinci’s masterpiece exhibition takes place at Strozzi Palace in Florence, Italy, until July. A 20-inch high suspicious sculpture made of earth red lightning. It describes the Virgin Mary looking down at the baby Jesus.

Managers and scholars have said that the main feature of the artwork is similar to Leonardo Da Vinci’s drawing. They argue based on the posture of the legs of the Virgin Mary and her mother’s eyes to see that Jesus is similar to the other works of this master’s painting. Perhaps Leonardo Da Vinci created this work in his twenties with fish looking clear and full of love, especially motherhood.

Scholar Francesco Caglioti, a lecturer at the University of Naples in Italy, is a leader in the study of Leonardo Da Vinci’s sculptures. He said art historian John Pope-Hennessy said the sculpture was by the artist Antoni  Rossellino. He often attributed artwork to his own will without clear evidence. However, John Pope-Hennessy died in 1994, so he was unable to give any controversy about the question.

Ronaldo spent nearly 700 million to make his own wax statue at his home

After the unexpected success of wax figures CR7, the Real Madrid star decided to spend money to sculpt his statue at home.
Cristiano Ronaldo is a superstar of the football world in particular and the sports world in general, so it is natural for the player’s image to attract the attention of fans. Because of the popularity and success of CR7 in real life, the wax statues of Portuguese superstars are always a tourist attraction.
After seeing the unexpected success of the wax statue at the Madrid museum, the star in white vulture decided to spend £ 20,000 (nearly VND 700 million) to make a wax version own own. British artist, Michael Wade, was chosen by CR7 in this and according to news from the press, Wade himself was the one who created the famous wax statue of Ronaldo in 2013.


Mr. Wade told reporters, “This new wax statue is a replica identical to the 2013 version because we created it based on the pattern of the previous wax statue. Ronaldo just needs to send us his latest outfit and shoes. ” In addition, according to the British artist, the statue’s hair is attached directly to the wax figure and CR7 has sent a close stylist to beautify this new version.

Once completed, the statue was packed and shipped from Heathrow to Madrid to be delivered to Ronaldo ‘s house and the star also saw this wax figure firsthand. According to the estimate of Real Madrid player, the waxed version of 2015 will be taken to Europe for fans to see firsthand and then the statue is taken back to Madrid and placed at the site. Most important in CR7’s million-dollar mansion.

The first wax version of Ronaldo was crafted and completed in 2013, currently on display at the Madrid wax museum. This statue receives the attention of visitors and it welcomes thousands of visitors to visit every day. Cristiano Ronaldo takes care of this statue when he devotes a professional stylist to the museum every month to maintain the hair of the CR7 version of the statue.

5 Benefits of Playing with Clay for Your Children

Clay is considered one of the handmade toys that parents should let their children play. Clay is used in many education systems around the world. Thanks to the variety of colors, this toy can help your baby develop a comprehensive brain. Here are the great benefits that clay brings to your child.

1. Development of hand force

Any young child needs to develop hand force, especially his hand part so that he can easily get used to activities like writing, playing instruments or drawing. When playing with clay, children will have the opportunity to practice hand force through kneading, squeezing, rolling, cutting and pinching to create shapes through their memory or imagination.

2. Develop creativity

There is no doubt that one of the main benefits of playing with clay is helping children develop their creativity and imagination. Your child can mold a dog or a car. This demonstrates the ability to comprehend the shapes of things around your child’s life.

3. Help children express emotions

Clay can only be shaped when children use their hand force. Therefore, this will be a toy to help children relieve their emotions quite well. Children who are bored, upset or happy can be shown on clay, which is due to the modeling principle of this toy. There are many parents who let their children play with clay to help them relieve their emotions very effectively.

4. Developing senses

Sensory development is very important for all young children while clay can do it. In terms of touch, children will be familiar with the flexibility, adhesion, smoothness or softness when playing with different clay. In terms of smell, parents can create scents corresponding to each different color so that children can automatically relate to all familiar things around. For example, yellow smells of lemon, pink smells of flower or orange smells of orange.

5. Learn and play effectively

These types of modeling clay are accompanied by shapes such as round, triangle, rectangle, star and more. They will help children to be familiar with all shapes and colors reflected in each object in daily living space.

Polymer Clay Art

Forming shapes from polymer clay is probably still new to many people. The appearance of that special soil material offers to art lovers a new option to unleash the creative work of their own unique style.

Natural types of clay are formed from a group of hydrated aluminum phyllosilicate minerals. Meanwhile, polymer clay made entirely from polyvinyl chloride polymer synthetic resin. The reason this synthetic resin material is also called clay because it has the same texture and properties as clay containing minerals. Therefore, it is easy to mold by hand to shape and can continuously change during the creative process. The outstanding feature of this clay is its adhesion, durability and beauty. It is not affected by the surrounding environment.

Works made of clay often have to wait for a long time to dry themselves. In addition, after being shaped, they need to be smelted in a kiln by very high temperatures. As a result, artworks made of polymer clay can harden after molding with certain heat effects. In particular, it is possible to mix pigments and various additives to create different natural material effects such as internal or mica modifiers to have a shiny effect like pearls or metallic colors.

This new material is warmly welcomed everywhere in the world, including Japan. With skillful hands and aesthetic eyes, artisans there created high-quality artwork, typically clay flowers. They are so beautiful and natural that if they do not touch their hands, surely everyone thinks that they are new flowers from the garden.

In addition to the polymer material that has been dyed in color, the artist needs to have a mold and supporting tools such as the knife, pen, color and some other decorative accessories. As a result, artists can squeeze branches of natural fresh flowers or babies shrink as real. Like other arts, the composition is quite complicated, requiring the sophistication, diligence, and patience of the artist. Beautiful products are the greatest reward for them and art lovers.

4 Clay Games Help Young Children Develop Creative Thinking

Clay will help your child become familiar with how to create shapes from everyday objects with different colors. Thanks to that, children can develop their creative thinking.

Learn to count clay numbers and alphabets

This is a method to help your baby learn easily without being bored and lazy. Parents can make letters and numbers ready for children to use multicolored clay to mold. At first, your child may not be able to absorb it yet. Therefore, parents must patiently guide their children.

You can play with your child in clay-related games. For example, see who makes the letter or number better or quiz what the word is, what number and what color it is. This game helps your child remember numbers and letters more closely.

Practice mixing colors with clay

You can train your child to recognize colors in clay. When you are more proficient, you can teach your children to mix basic colors from clay. Mother and child take two different clay colors and mold them to combine to create a mixed color. Before combining, she asked her what color to combine with these two colors? Your baby will be very excited to see if the result is true. This game forging intelligence, judgment and above all perseverance, patience to smooth the mixture, blend into a uniform color.

Squeeze fruits from clay

Babies can eat fruits daily but if their mother does not remind them of the color and taste of each fruit they will not know the difference. Therefore, squeezing fruit from clay will help your baby know the fruits by color, shape and taste as well.

Shaping animals from clay

Parents can also use existing molds to shape adorable animals such as dogs, cats, pigs, bears, butterflies and more. From there, you can describe the cries of each animal for your baby to remember. This game helps children remember their animals and their cries.

When Can Your Kids Play with Clay?

Clay is one of the most favorite toys for our children. Clay can be found in preschools, book stores or entertainment areas. However, not every age can play clay. It has been proven that the most suitable age for playing clay is from 3 years and up.

One of the benefits of playing clay is that you will be creative with your imagination through molding different objects. This also motivates personality to be developed in a positive way, such as compressing and flattening clay that will help the child relieve psychology when angry or suppressed. In addition, you can let your child play clay modeling as a gentle punishment if they are not good. However, like any toy, clay still has some potential risks. Therefore, you should not give them a set of clay until they are 3 years old. Here are some reasons adults should only play clay when they are 3 years old and older.

Reduce the desire to taste strange things

When your baby is 3 years or older, your child will be less interested in learning everything by putting things in their hands into their mouths. Because the taste of the child is now fully developed and helps him or her realize that clay is not delicious at all.

Understand what parents say and become more obedient

Children only knew their parents did not allow this or that. But when he was 3 years old, he will understand many of his parents’ commands and explanations.

Motivate children to developing their creativity

Children under 3 years of age often only watch clay as a powder. They are less interested in playing with this powder than with other attractive toys. But when 3 years old, children will learn how to utilize clay to make objects with their shapes and favorite colors.

3-year-old children who can play clay do not mean that you can let them play alone without adult supervision. Because unexpected accidents such as swallowing foreign bodies are still possible for children in this age group. Therefore, you should not be subjective.