Tag: clay

Parrots Eat Clay in The Amazon Forest

Macaws and parrots in general of the Amazon rainforest specialize in clay. They gathered together on the banks of the river to peck the land, which created a splendid spectacle that attracted thousands of tourists.

But why do these birds eat clay? A majority of scientists think that they lack sodium in their diet. Sodium is essential for many body activities. Many herbivores have a complete plant-based diet. Their bodies require more salt because plants do not contain enough salt. Therefore, animals often feed on sodium by licking salt. Clays and soils contain lots of sodium, as well as many other nutrients like potassium and magnesium.

In addition, it is not excluded the ability of parrots to eat clay to eliminate toxins in the body from their regular food. When parrots eat clay, the clay particles react with natural toxins like quinine and tannic acid, which prevent the toxins from being absorbed from the digestive tract. However, research seems to suggest that this species of parrot deficits sodium.

For parrots in the Amazon, sodium is considered essential for the functioning of the nervous system as well as muscle contraction. The supply of sodium in tropical rainforests is often difficult to find but is stored in clay tablets. It is estimated that the Amazon clay soils contain 40 times more sodium than the foods that parrots normally consume. Sodium is essential but often severely lacking in the diet of the Amazon parrot. Therefore, they need to eat clay, especially during important times like pregnancy.

There are many locations in Paraguay, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Ecuador in the Amazon rainforest where visitors can come across clay-eating parrots. However, most tourists choose the Tambopata National Reserve in southeastern Peru to visit because the terrain there is quite convenient for travel. In addition, visitors can visit this parrot in Manu National Park, also in Peru, or Yasuni National Park, in Ecuador. These two locations also attract a large number of visitors.

Tools And Tips When Using Clay in Handmade

Besides choosing the right clay, the tools and tips at home are also vitally important.

Tools

In addition to clay, you can take advantage of the items available in the house to create products. However, if more tools will help you manipulate easily and create more professional products. You can easily find these tools on the web or at bookstores or handmade materials shops.

– Clay

– Steel clay modeling tools

– Oil paint or acrylic

– Sponge foam soil flowers

– Incubation cream: Helps protect leftover clay for use next time (apply around the clay and place in a tight container)

– Soft ice cream: Helps the Japanese clay soften and give it the desired consistency

– Colloid milk: Transparent color, used to adhere product parts together.

– Mold for cutting flowers

– Rolling machine

– Clay solution: Create soft coatings on products such as cakes. Use by mixing with clay.

Some basic guidelines

– Color mixing: Mix directly into clay (oil color) or paint when dried (acrylic)

– Use composting cream or soft cream to make soft clay. However, a lot of soft ice cream will make it difficult for the clay to form.

– Use a pen with no smudge, color drift to draw small details on the product.

Note

– When modeling clay, we mainly use our hands to manipulate. So choose a clay type of origin & safety to avoid health effects (skin, nervous system, etc.)

– Store excess clay in sealed bag.

Instructions for making simple products from handmade clay

To prepare these beautiful flowers you need to prepare some materials and tools

  • Japanese clay
  • Color to mix with clay (oil color)
  • Basic clay tools
  • Fairy powder / pastels

Manipulation:

  • Use white clay to shape it with your chosen flower color.
  • Roll and flatten the clay.
  • Use a knife to cut into small petals
  • Use your hand to shape the desired shape
  • Use a metal-tipped tool to spread thin petals out
  • Use a razor to flap the wings evenly and naturally
  • Putting the petals together
  • You can use the stigmata available or decorate with round beads. Or use pastel colored powder in the middle.
  • Just attach the finished product to your hairpin, flick your hair or connect it with a string to make you have something unique and pretty.

Clay Casino Tokens

A chip (also known as a token, check, or check) is a gambling device used in casinos. They are often used in casinos to play games of chance like poker, blackjack, roulette, etc. It is similar in appearance to money but is thicker to place bets instead of placing money or gems directly for security reasons.

Gambling chips are made of metal, plastic, or hardened clay coated with metal. Depending on the different play styles, their values (visible in colors) can be far apart. Contrary to popular belief, there is no official weight for casino chips. The chips circulating in most Las Vegas are no more than 10 grams.

Although the first gambling venue was legalized in Venice in 1626, gambling chips did not appear for nearly two hundred years. From before the 19th century, poker players used many valuable small objects to exchange such as pieces of gold, bone, leather, paper, etc.

Many companies from the 1880s and 1930s make poker chips from clay. There are nearly 1,000 styles to choose from, most of which are white, red, blue, and yellow, but in theory can make any color you like. You can see these colors when you visit some online casinos.

The hobby of collecting gambling chips increased with the operation of the Casino Chips & Gaming Tokens Collectors Club, founded in 1988. Some chips cost up to $ 100,000 and often trade on eBay. Many casinos also produce their special deck of cards and chips for sale.

The form, color, texture and value of the chip varies by casino or casino group. The five most popular chip colors are: white, red, blue, green and black. In addition, in Europe also accept the standards of Bellagio. The number of chips needed for a poker game depends on the number of players at the table and the practice variations. Cards are usually sold in sets of 100 to 1000 pieces.

Things to Know When Using Polymer Clay

Polymer clay is not a pleasant type of clay for those who are familiar with sliced or lightweight clay. And the sincere advice is to test it properly and not follow the reckless instructions of the seller.

Is polymer clay hardened, does it expire?

Polymer clay is harder than air dry clay. Most before use, users never go through the condition to soften the clay. There are many ways such as using rolling pin or rolling machine to roll the clay until it is soft or using the hands to roll the clay. The temperature in the process will soften the clay. Or simply, you can use clay softener. However, the truth is that the clay softener should only be applied when the clay is out of date.

How to store polymer clay?

Do not think polymer clay is not dry clay in the air, so no need to store. You should use a zip-lock bag to remove the opened clay and add some baby oil.

Does the house have an oven, can it be microwave or boiled or steamed with clay?

  • With the microwave: my advice is NEVER. You just try, and you will see the black clay and full of smoke.
  • Slow / boil: Each clay brand usually has a certain baking temperature requirement. Kato is 150 degrees. Premo and Scupley are 130 degrees. Fimo is 110 degrees. And if you learn chemistry, you know, water boils at 100 degrees. Is it 100 degrees to ripen when the required temperature is at least 110 degrees?.

But you should also try, when your products are small 5cm or less and not too thick.

Instead of buying multiple colors, can I buy white and blend in?

  • Mixing with acrylic color/oil color: Acrylic oil and oil color will dry the clay. Not to mention that when you bake, the heat causes the oil in the color to burn. Only use acrylic to cover the surface when the clay has finished baking.
  • Food color mixing: can use. But it will take a lot of color to dye the clay. And you cannot use the boiling method.
  • Use chalk pastel: can be used. You should apply a matte or gloss coating before baking.

After baking, cracks appear on the product?

90% is the temperature is not right & enough. The oven depends on the brand and after a period of use the temperature will no longer be accurate. Therefore, it will usually take longer than the temperature & time noted on the package.

How to Choose a Suitable Polymer Clay Brand

There are many brands of polymer clay. So which one is best? Actually, there is no correct answer. Depending on your purpose, you will select each suitable brand. Here is some basic information about some popular brands for your reference.

Original Sculpey

Its clay is only white and Tera. The clay is the softest. It is also the cheapest, which is suitable for mock-ups, sculptures or designs that need work with paint or spray paint. However, Original Sculpey is not a good choice when making large products that need good support because the finished product is very fragile. Overall, its products are suitable for children.

Sculpey III

Soft and easy to mold by hand or clay gun. The clay has many different colors, blends easily, but is quite soft and brittle after baking, especially with thin products. Therefore, Sculpey III is more suitable for display products than for jewelry. Its products are also difficult to use when making clay cane.

Super Sculpey

Products of this brand are beige and human skin. Easily molded and firm after baking. Suitable for making large items like statues, dolls, or pedestals for other products during baking. However, you need to use cornstarch to prevent soil contact.

Sculpey Ultralight

This clay is extremely soft and easy to knead, but becomes very hard after baking. Only white, but you can paint it with acrylic or spray it after baking.

Premo! Sculpey and Premo! Accents

Premo! Sculpey and Premo! Accents are softer than Fimo Classic, but harder than Sculpey III. Premo is quite flexible when baked, which makes it difficult to break even with thin pieces. Accents line contains mica powder so the color has a sparkle or metallic luster. And Premo colors often come with familiar names like Aquamarine or Red Cadmium.

Fimo Soft & Fimo Effect

Its properties are very similar to those of Sculpey III. It has many colors and high softness. This type of soil maintains its strength and elasticity after baking.

Fimo Classic

Fimo Classic is quite hard, so it keeps the shape and color you want. Therefore, it is suitable for making clay cane.

Kato

Kato is the hardest of all polymer clay, but it also has the strongest durability after baking. The best way to soften it is rolling with a rolling mill or roller. Kato is less colorful than other types, but the colors are perfect for valuable artwork.

Pardo

This is a rare brand. Colors due to mica powder should be more sparkling than the same color of other brands. Especially the clearest colors. Soft and often more expensive than other types.

Clay Court in Tennis: What Are The Differences?

Let’s learn a bit about the basic structure of a clay court in the traditional structure with natural materials and ClayTech clay court.

The first is traditional clay courts in France and Italy with almost 100% natural materials. Specifically, the basic structure of these pitches is as follows:

  • The lowest layer is gravel and small stone for quick drainage, if the outdoor yard is invested a lot of money, right under the rock and gravel there is a drainage system.
  • Next is the material taken from iron ore: waste materials of iron ore.
  • Next is a hard lime layer with about 5 – 7cm thick.
  • Top layer: People use a mixture of fine clay mixed with brick to blend in a certain formula to form a layer of flour and this layer of flour is evenly spread on the ground.

It is the top 2 layers that make a big difference to the clay court which makes the ball bounce high but slow. We can see the difference between Madrid Master 2012 and Rome Master 2012. The clay ground in Rome Master bounces higher and slower than the Madrid Master 2012 yard. The steps of running or bouncing down the red dust flying very clearly. The surface of the upcoming Roland Garros is the same standard and structure as the Rome Master.

ClayTech ground

The yard at Madrid Master is a hard plastic surface and converted into clay court using ClayTech technique. The basic structure of Clay Tech clay court includes:

  • The bottom layer of ClayTech clay ground is a mixture of concrete mixed with synthetic resin such as the common Hard Court yard.
  • Next is a layer of glue.
  • The top layer is called ClayTech: ClayTech consists of a buffer layer with Synthetic – polypropylene material and covered on top is a special powder mixture. It is no longer pure clay mixed with ground bricks, but replaced by a layer of industrial clay powder that has properties similar to clay mixed with ground bricks. And this layer of flour and the bounce of the ball faster makes Nadal, Djokovic and other players complain about the pitch at the Madrid Master recently.

Types of Clay Used in Handmade

Extremely popular clay in life from modeling clay for young children to handmade clay. Clay makes it easy to shape and blend colors to satisfy your imagination. If you want to try making some DIY items from clay, let’s read this article carefully.

Clay is a soft and flexible substance when it is moist so it is easy to shape. The clay will become solid when dry and become a solid when heated at high temperatures. So clay is very useful in the craft field. From different types of clay will produce different types of materials when baked in different conditions such as ceramic, porcelain or earthenware. Basic clay is mainly white, gray, red depending on the compound in clay.

In the field of handmade we mainly have 3 basic types based on their properties including polymer, air dry and non-dry clay.

Air dry clay: Dry after molding with normal ambient temperature. Use art creation. High price. Originated from Japan and spread to countries like Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, etc. Air-dry clay is mainly white. After shaping by hand, the clay will be dry and hard when exposed to air. This clay does not tolerate water even with resin. This clay is colored with acrylic or mixed with oil paint.

Polymer Clay: Use an oven or water bath. Made from synthetic plastic polyvinylchloride polymer. Easy to create images by hand. Good adhesion, durability and beautiful. Use heat (can use an oven with appropriate temperature & time or water bath) to heat polymer clay. Due to its extreme durability & long shelf life, it is suitable for making jewelry, dolls, models, etc. However, this clay cannot be rolled like dry clay. There is also a type of thin clay to cover the surface or stick to the product.

Non-dry clay: Colorful, soft, easy to form, fragrant and reusable many times should be used as modeling clay for children.

Handmade products from handmade clay are extremely diverse such as chibi / dolls, earth flower paintings, mini food, keychains, earth flowers, jewelry, accessories, etc.

Ethnic People Use Clay to Make Hair and Makeup

The strange hairstyles made of clay have created a characteristic for the ancient Himba tribe in Namibia.

Perhaps the Himba tribe in Namibia is a unique tribe left in the world with very special customs. Over many generations, Himba’s semi-nomadic tribe still lives as primitive despite the development of the world of outsiders to an unbelievable level of science and technology.

Instead of using cosmetics, they make Otjize, a red substance, used to apply to skin and hair. Women here do not wear bras, women only wear a loincloth to cover the lower body, the rest are still bare even when meeting strangers.

Himba people are also known by other names as Omuhimba people or Ovahimba people living mainly in western Kaokoland, in northern Namibia. Because of living in one of the harshest areas of the planet, their water resources are extremely scarce. That’s why the Himba people have never bathed all their lives. The use of bath water is a trance in the tribe.

Instead, they use Otjize to clean and protect the skin from the sun. The substance is red soil, derived from fat. Himba people apply Otjize to the whole body, then use medicinal powder in combination with other herbs and then burn it to burst. This is their “bath” way. Otjize has the meaning to represent the earth, blood and the beauty of the tribe is still about 50,000 members.

From puberty, Himba women began to braid their hair into strands, each day, they spent about a few hours to take care of their hair, take clay and red soil to apply it to their hair in order to maintain a perfect shape.

Photographer Franco Cappellari, 61, from Venafro recounted his experience in the same tribe. Women are extremely conscious of beauty and spend a lot of time on their looks. Although there are still a few children still wearing T-shirts, the Himba tribe are hardly Westernized. The government of Namibia has specific policies to protect Himba from external impacts.

NASA Discovered A Large Aamount of Clay Minerals on Mars

Robot discovered Curiosity of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) recently discovered the largest amount of clay minerals since the robot was put on Mars in August 2012.

Curiosity was launched on Mars from Earth in November 2011 and spent more than half a year net to land on the planet in August 2012. The Curiosity probe is equipped with 17 cameras, weighs about 900 kg and can reach a maximum speed of 3.8cm / sec. When operating on the surface of Mars, Curiosity undertakes the search for evidence of microorganisms while collecting data and images of Mars. The preparation for Curiosity’s mission lasts for two years and costs about $ 2 billion.

According to a new NASA announcement, two specimens that Curiosity found when drilling two rock targets were named Aberlady and Kilmarie. These specimens contained the highest amount of clay ever discovered in NASA’s mission. Both of these drilling goals were discovered when Curiosity took a new selfie on May 12. The area of high clay content is located on the side of the low area in Mount Sharp. This region was originally outside of NASA’s discovery trajectory before Curiosity was brought to Mars in 2012.

Apart from that, Curiosity is currently working on the discovery of Sharrp Mountain (5500 meters high) to see if the area has conditions to support life billions of years ago. Therefore, the new discovery plays an important role in this task because clay is often formed in water, an essential chemical compound for life. Curiosity’s mineralogical analysis tool, CheMin, brought to Earth the first analysis of the drilling samples in the area of much clay.

In addition, during this drill and analysis, Curiosity uses a black and white navigation camera to capture clouds drifting on May 7 and May 12. These clouds may be ice clouds (containing water), about 31km from the Martian surface.

Mysterious Civilizations Attached to Clay

Below are the mysterious civilizations with traces left made of clay.

Norte Chico civilization

The Norte Chico civilization (3,500 BC – 1,800 BC – BC), also known as Caral civilization or Caral-Supe, contains many mysteries. Originally this was the Chico settlement located north of the capital Lima (Peru) today.

The most impressive achievement of Norte Chico civilization is the massive architecture and weaving. Especially the pyramids and complex irrigation systems make Norte Chico become a place with developed agriculture and capable of self-sufficiency. Today, in this land, there are many massive ancient works, including pyramids and the rest of the complex irrigation systems. So far, six pyramids have been discovered in Peru, including the largest pyramid called Piramide Mayor. There is no evidence that the Norte Chico people were involved in war or conflict. Settlements centered around the three major rivers should cause the destruction of this civilization to be assumed to be due to prolonged droughts that have caused the population to die or migrate.

Nineveh civilization

The Nineveh civilization (6,000 – 612 BC) was one of the oldest and greatest civilizations in the world. King Sennacherib (704 – 681 BC) decided to take Nineveh as the capital of the Assyrian Empire, building a large wall with 15 surrounding gates and other works such as parks, canals, bridges and a palace. Some scholars believe that the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon in Nineveh were built by this king.

In addition to the above architectures, there is a huge library in Nineveh, containing more than 30,000 clay tablets depicting patterns and data. Scholars and scholars rushed here to make Nineveh a center of art, science and architecture of the Middle East at that time. One of the most unusual articles found here is similar in content to Noah’s Ark (Noah’s boat), the Book of Genesis in the Bible.

Vinca civilization

Vinca civilization (5,000 – 3,500 BC) is the world’s earliest written civilization, with about 700 characters, most of which are found in the form of carvings on pottery. Vinca’s farming system makes it one of the most developed Neolithic cultures that people have ever known. The first archaeological evidence was discovered in 1908 at Belo Brdo hill near Belgrade. Settlements are believed to have existed for more than 1,000 years before being abandoned. Each of these settlements contained several thousand people living in houses made of clay and mud mixed with straw.