Types of Clay Used in Handmade

Extremely popular clay in life from modeling clay for young children to handmade clay. Clay makes it easy to shape and blend colors to satisfy your imagination. If you want to try making some DIY items from clay, let’s read this article carefully.

Clay is a soft and flexible substance when it is moist so it is easy to shape. The clay will become solid when dry and become a solid when heated at high temperatures. So clay is very useful in the craft field. From different types of clay will produce different types of materials when baked in different conditions such as ceramic, porcelain or earthenware. Basic clay is mainly white, gray, red depending on the compound in clay.

In the field of handmade we mainly have 3 basic types based on their properties including polymer, air dry and non-dry clay.

Air dry clay: Dry after molding with normal ambient temperature. Use art creation. High price. Originated from Japan and spread to countries like Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, etc. Air-dry clay is mainly white. After shaping by hand, the clay will be dry and hard when exposed to air. This clay does not tolerate water even with resin. This clay is colored with acrylic or mixed with oil paint.

Polymer Clay: Use an oven or water bath. Made from synthetic plastic polyvinylchloride polymer. Easy to create images by hand. Good adhesion, durability and beautiful. Use heat (can use an oven with appropriate temperature & time or water bath) to heat polymer clay. Due to its extreme durability & long shelf life, it is suitable for making jewelry, dolls, models, etc. However, this clay cannot be rolled like dry clay. There is also a type of thin clay to cover the surface or stick to the product.

Non-dry clay: Colorful, soft, easy to form, fragrant and reusable many times should be used as modeling clay for children.

Handmade products from handmade clay are extremely diverse such as chibi / dolls, earth flower paintings, mini food, keychains, earth flowers, jewelry, accessories, etc.

5 best statues in sports

What do statues simply represent? Do they educate history, honor history or be records themselves? Can they face up to the test of time? The standards have to be high, and that goes for the statues that represent the heroes of yank sports activities.

Sports statue-figure has exploded within the final couple of many years, frequently as part of new stadium and arena creation. So selecting the top 5 American sports statues turned into no small project. Under consideration: the figure honored, what he or she represented, and how well the statue pondered who he or she became, as an athlete and a person.

Oh, earlier than the query even comes up – which means real individual, no longer a film character. So don’t search for the Rocky statue on the steps of the museum in Philadelphia. Also, don’t look for the Heisman Trophy (it’s just that, a trophy) or the Joe Louis Fist in Detroit (falls underneath “sculpture” more than statue).

The pinnacle 5 list continues to be worthy.

  1. Michael Jordan (1994, United Center, Chicago)

Nicknamed “Spirit,” it stands before the building he almost actually built, after his retirement following his first NBA championship 3-peat. it is him, become his emblem, turned back into him in bronze.

2. Pat Tillman
( 2007, college of Phoenix Stadium, Glendale, Ariz)

It captures the most well-known picture of Tillman as a player, which itself is exceptional remembered as a sports activities Illustrated cover. It become erected 3 years after his death while serving within the battle in Iraq and Afghanistan in 2004.

3. Steve Gleason
(2012, Superdome, New Orleans)

It commemorates more than simply the maximum famous blocked punt in Saints history – hence the title “Rebirth,” because it came inside the first sport inside the Superdome in 2006 after the storm Katrina catastrophe. Gleason’s subsequent war with ALS makes the sculpture greater poignant.

4. Tommie Smith and John Carlos
(2005, San Jose Kingdom (Calif.) college)

the 2 track stars who raised their fists all through the countrywide anthem on the 1968 Olympics had been San Jose state graduates. The statue become a belated welcome-again, after Smith and Carlos received good sized scorn upon coming back from Mexico town 4 a long time earlier. Silver medalist Peter Norman insisted that he not be depicted in his spot at the stand.

5. Shaquille O’Neal
(2017, Staples Center, Los Angeles)

It’s as specific and innovative as a statue has ever been, but additionally so … Shaqtastic. O’Neal placing from a rim suspended 10 ft high is quite the distinction from the rest of the statues of diverse stars on the area. Any future rim-putting sculpture will only faded in evaluation to the original.

Ethnic People Use Clay to Make Hair and Makeup

The strange hairstyles made of clay have created a characteristic for the ancient Himba tribe in Namibia.

Perhaps the Himba tribe in Namibia is a unique tribe left in the world with very special customs. Over many generations, Himba’s semi-nomadic tribe still lives as primitive despite the development of the world of outsiders to an unbelievable level of science and technology.

Instead of using cosmetics, they make Otjize, a red substance, used to apply to skin and hair. Women here do not wear bras, women only wear a loincloth to cover the lower body, the rest are still bare even when meeting strangers.

Himba people are also known by other names as Omuhimba people or Ovahimba people living mainly in western Kaokoland, in northern Namibia. Because of living in one of the harshest areas of the planet, their water resources are extremely scarce. That’s why the Himba people have never bathed all their lives. The use of bath water is a trance in the tribe.

Instead, they use Otjize to clean and protect the skin from the sun. The substance is red soil, derived from fat. Himba people apply Otjize to the whole body, then use medicinal powder in combination with other herbs and then burn it to burst. This is their “bath” way. Otjize has the meaning to represent the earth, blood and the beauty of the tribe is still about 50,000 members.

From puberty, Himba women began to braid their hair into strands, each day, they spent about a few hours to take care of their hair, take clay and red soil to apply it to their hair in order to maintain a perfect shape.

Photographer Franco Cappellari, 61, from Venafro recounted his experience in the same tribe. Women are extremely conscious of beauty and spend a lot of time on their looks. Although there are still a few children still wearing T-shirts, the Himba tribe are hardly Westernized. The government of Namibia has specific policies to protect Himba from external impacts.

Dazzled before 7 glamorous wax statues of players

The top stars in the world always have extremely special ways of gratitude, one of which is to build statues. Here are 7 beautiful wax statues of famous, lifelike stars created in recent years.

  1. David Beckham
    To pay tribute to David Beckham’s dedication to English football, his wax figure and his beautiful wife were erected at the Madame Tussauds museum in London. This real-looking statue even made many spectators mistaken for real people.
  2. Zlatan Ibrahimovic
    Zlatan Ibrahimovic was erected because of his unrelenting contributions to Paris Saint-Germain, which is currently on display at the museum in France.
  3. Lionel Messi
    Messi was made a wax figure and erected in London’s Wembley Stadium after a great performance in the Champions League in 2011. The statue was released to the public in 2012.
  4. Mesut Ozil
    Mesut Ozil was erected a statue at the Madame Tussauds museum in Berlin in June 2013, this was the time when the midfielder was particularly impressed at Real Madrid, gaining a lot of success.
  5. Cristiano Ronaldo
    This is a statue of Cristiano Ronaldo himself, made at his own Museum in his home town of Madeira. In addition to this statue, there are a total of 140 artifacts from the trophy, the shirt to the medal, the ball is displayed by Cristiano Ronaldo here.
     Information on Diario Sport said, Cristiano Ronaldo has spent $ 31,000 to put an identical wax statue yourself. This statue will be used to introduce friends and family members to see instead of going to the museum.

Ronaldo has now been sculpted a wax statue at a museum in Madrid, where he is playing for the Real club.

6. Neymar
The molded Neymar wax-like statue made him cheerfully present, this is a statue made in 2018 in Brazil.

7. Kylian Mbappe
The Grevin Musee Museum in France made a wax statue similar to Paris Saint-Germain star Kylian Mbappe striker to mark this striker’s merits all the time.

NASA Discovered A Large Aamount of Clay Minerals on Mars

Robot discovered Curiosity of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) recently discovered the largest amount of clay minerals since the robot was put on Mars in August 2012.

Curiosity was launched on Mars from Earth in November 2011 and spent more than half a year net to land on the planet in August 2012. The Curiosity probe is equipped with 17 cameras, weighs about 900 kg and can reach a maximum speed of 3.8cm / sec. When operating on the surface of Mars, Curiosity undertakes the search for evidence of microorganisms while collecting data and images of Mars. The preparation for Curiosity’s mission lasts for two years and costs about $ 2 billion.

According to a new NASA announcement, two specimens that Curiosity found when drilling two rock targets were named Aberlady and Kilmarie. These specimens contained the highest amount of clay ever discovered in NASA’s mission. Both of these drilling goals were discovered when Curiosity took a new selfie on May 12. The area of high clay content is located on the side of the low area in Mount Sharp. This region was originally outside of NASA’s discovery trajectory before Curiosity was brought to Mars in 2012.

Apart from that, Curiosity is currently working on the discovery of Sharrp Mountain (5500 meters high) to see if the area has conditions to support life billions of years ago. Therefore, the new discovery plays an important role in this task because clay is often formed in water, an essential chemical compound for life. Curiosity’s mineralogical analysis tool, CheMin, brought to Earth the first analysis of the drilling samples in the area of much clay.

In addition, during this drill and analysis, Curiosity uses a black and white navigation camera to capture clouds drifting on May 7 and May 12. These clouds may be ice clouds (containing water), about 31km from the Martian surface.

Learn poetry, do math by … clay

Instead of “miserable” memorizing a poem, students in a school in England play with clay. As a result, they still know the poem.
A late morning in the classroom of 11-year-old children is preparing for a public speaking lesson. Maybe you will think of this scene right away: a red-faced student stood “deadly” in front of his classmates, struggling to pull from the memory of a new poem that he had learned an hour earlier.

However, in Stoke, England, there will be no such thing, because students can do everything in a completely different way.

“It’s a pleasure to use your hands,” said Mohammed Abouebaida, a seventh-grader at Thistley Hough Academy, cheerfully showing off while molding and molding a piece of wet clay.

Around him, classmates are also molding soldiers and creating tanks and barbed wire – symbols in the First World poems they are about to present.

As explained by Alison Ward, the teacher in charge, the idea here is that children will learn better when they are active.

“They really like and enthusiastically participate. If you tell them to remember a poem, it sounds dry. This forces them to use other techniques to help them complete their tasks, not must learn only parrots “.

In schools across Stoke, clay is being brought back to the classroom to preserve the city’s proud ceramics heritage, and also to maintain creativity in its teaching program.

Nearly 1,000 students in 15 schools across the region have traditionally made pottery, Staffordshire Potteries, were introduced to clay for the first time this year according to the program of putting clay in schools.

The program wants every student in Stoke to use clay in the classroom by 2021, when the city hopes to be the cultural city of England.

At the pilot schools, teachers reported positive results for “difficult” students, especially boys.

“They are really involved in this work with creativity and the ability to express themselves in the image through clay,” Julia Rogers – design director of Thistley Hough, a large high school in the periphery of Stoke city center, said.

Thistley Hough recently had students from Afghanistan, Iraq, Cuba and the Philippines, and of the 719 students in the school English is not the native language of 309 children. This also means that clay is a particularly effective way to teach.

“It’s a visual language, so there’s no barrier,” Rogers said.

Schools participating in this program brought clay to topics throughout the curriculum, from science to English, history and art.

In math, students will use clay to learn geometry. It is still too early to say that this new approach has affected the test results, but the teachers said that students seem to be more actively involved and the number of students choosing to study arts has increased – left contrary to the trend across the country.

At St Peter’s, clay’s “incredible” return seems to have increased student pride in the Staffordshire Potteries area. This city, like many other places in post-industrial areas, used to struggle to overcome the decline of the ceramic industry, but now people are full of hope.

With Lizzie Critchley, 13, an art student at St Peter’s, pottery can be something she pursues as a true career to follow her grandfather. “That’s what we have known – we have an area filled with ceramic kilns,” she said proudly.

Her classmate, Jorja Wright, 14, said during her family’s vacation in Florida two years ago, she was “stunned” to accidentally flip a plate over and know it was made in Your home city.

Pottery is probably not included in her future plans, but Jorja is now interested in participating in this pottery work: “You have to do whatever you want, no rules.”

Mysterious Civilizations Attached to Clay

Below are the mysterious civilizations with traces left made of clay.

Norte Chico civilization

The Norte Chico civilization (3,500 BC – 1,800 BC – BC), also known as Caral civilization or Caral-Supe, contains many mysteries. Originally this was the Chico settlement located north of the capital Lima (Peru) today.

The most impressive achievement of Norte Chico civilization is the massive architecture and weaving. Especially the pyramids and complex irrigation systems make Norte Chico become a place with developed agriculture and capable of self-sufficiency. Today, in this land, there are many massive ancient works, including pyramids and the rest of the complex irrigation systems. So far, six pyramids have been discovered in Peru, including the largest pyramid called Piramide Mayor. There is no evidence that the Norte Chico people were involved in war or conflict. Settlements centered around the three major rivers should cause the destruction of this civilization to be assumed to be due to prolonged droughts that have caused the population to die or migrate.

Nineveh civilization

The Nineveh civilization (6,000 – 612 BC) was one of the oldest and greatest civilizations in the world. King Sennacherib (704 – 681 BC) decided to take Nineveh as the capital of the Assyrian Empire, building a large wall with 15 surrounding gates and other works such as parks, canals, bridges and a palace. Some scholars believe that the famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon in Nineveh were built by this king.

In addition to the above architectures, there is a huge library in Nineveh, containing more than 30,000 clay tablets depicting patterns and data. Scholars and scholars rushed here to make Nineveh a center of art, science and architecture of the Middle East at that time. One of the most unusual articles found here is similar in content to Noah’s Ark (Noah’s boat), the Book of Genesis in the Bible.

Vinca civilization

Vinca civilization (5,000 – 3,500 BC) is the world’s earliest written civilization, with about 700 characters, most of which are found in the form of carvings on pottery. Vinca’s farming system makes it one of the most developed Neolithic cultures that people have ever known. The first archaeological evidence was discovered in 1908 at Belo Brdo hill near Belgrade. Settlements are believed to have existed for more than 1,000 years before being abandoned. Each of these settlements contained several thousand people living in houses made of clay and mud mixed with straw.

Statue of “The King of Stamford Bridge”

Lynn Osgood and Elaine Hutchinson, and former Chelsea players contributed to the statue of “The King of Stamford Bridge”. The work has just been opened last Friday.

The two wives of Peter Osgood and the former teammate who once stood with him, Ian Hutchinson, who knew Osgood better than anyone, co-directed the sculptor Philip Jackson to sketch the most complete picture of Chelsea’s legend.

They succeeded when the statue showed a true image of the 9th star for a while.

“It’s amazing,” Mrs Lynn said on the club’s official website. “People were worried a lot when the work was going on but now they all show interest in the work.”

“I was anxious to wonder what the statue would look like when it was finished, but when I saw the statue, I found it more beautiful than I imagined it was a thousand times.”

“The work perfectly describes him. It shows the personality and personality of Peter – The King of Stamford Bridge,” she added.

Contributing for a long time apart from Lynn (left photo) also has Elaine (right photo), wife of Ian Hutchinson, another Chelsea legend. Ian is a close friend of Osgood both on and off the pitch. They even managed a pub together.
“We were assigned to search for images before,” explained Elaine.

“Lynn has a lot of pictures but I also found many other photos of Peter and Ian while they were still together.”

“The working time is very touching. People give love to the work in different ways. But worry also covers everyone during that time. Everyone is afraid that the incident will happen and lead to When I see the statue people will say, ‘That’s not Peter.’

“But everything is perfect after all. The way he stands there is like saying: ‘Come on, whether you leave or stay! – I’m still here forever.’

In charge of club history, Mr. Rick Glanvill also helped Jackson in creating shoes, shirts of the 60s and 70s, even the ball on the statue.

“I’m grateful to Rick,” said Mrs. Lynn. “He provided us with photos, videos, books and everything related to Osgood.”

“The work requires a lot of work but without errors at any stage, Philip has created a great work.”

Darren, Osgood’s son, was also excited to admire his father’s bronze statue. After the death of Peter Osgood in 2006, Mrs Lynn built a charity called The Peter Osgood Trust, an established organization that helps improve the lives of disadvantaged children and young citizens in London. . This organization received many contributions from Chelsea fans. On this occasion, Mrs. Lynn also thanked everyone who contributed to the development of the charity.

“It is associated with the name of Peter Osgood, I hope everyone will join hands to develop this meaningful organization.”

Extremely cool trends in contemporary ceramic art

From Face Jars to the Fractured Fairy Tales, and all that is being done on clay materials. Below is a list of trends in contemporary ceramic art, ranging from porcelain items spread across global trade routes to clay adorned with different hair and shades.

Face Jars
The story of Face Vessels and how they came to the United States at the same time brought both attractiveness and destruction, because it represented the cultural interference of Kongo with Middle Passage and American art. While some may be more open to publicizing their source, ceramic works are often hidden or forgotten by Dan McCarthy, William J. O’Brien, and Jeffrey Mitchell.

Creation / Destruction
Smooth, crumpled, or collapsed, these ceramic works were created by crushing the traditional form. The Robert Chamberlain jars were created with a creative combination of baking equipment with domestic appliances. The works of Ulrika Strömbäck and Kathy Butterly point out the boundary between creativity and destruction brings a very magical effect.

Mad Hatter’s Tea Party
The works of Patrick Purcell and Yeesookyung are flashy, ostentatious, and a lot of techniques you won’t be able to see anywhere besides the Mad Hatter tea parties. In particular, Arlene Shechet cooperated with the famous Meissen porcelain factories in Dresden, to unite nobility and elegance with absurdity and a burning energy. Like Lewis Carroll in Alice in Wonderland, these works contain a bit more insanity and danger but still carry the vanitas tradition of Jessica Stoller and Mounir Fatmi. They were included in the Museum of Art and Design at an exhibition entitled “Body & Soul: New International Ceramics“.

Anti-Ceramic Mush
Simultaneously presenting roughness and sophistication, spontaneous and deliberate, these ceramics use colors and textures to represent themes around gender and race. The works of artists Beverly Semmes, Lynda Benglis and Polly Apfelbaum have a free, funny and sensual structure, but they also come with political views and perspectives.

Work that Body
Whether glossy and bloody like Jessica Harrison’s sculpture or rough and sprayed like Ellen Lesperance, these works use the structures of pottery to push the human form from tangible to transcendent. In Giacometti’s long tradition, artists manipulate, distort, and stretch the frame to transform the defaulted data into what is imaginative, engaging, and often infuriating. pain.

Fractured Fairytales
With works combining simplicity and scaryness like nightmares, but always surreal, Miwa Ryosaku and Klara Kristalova brought to the dark side of fairy tales. Using both the Goose Girl and popular fables (Cinderella) as inspiration, these artists turn from Disney stories to the haunting originals of the Brothers Grimm.

 Life’s A Beach
Allison Schulnik and Simone Leigh returned to nature to inspire their work, especially the beach, cleverly combining everything from many textures, from painting to conch shells to creating sleek silhouette for money snail shell. This trend is strongly environmental, described by Lisa Sanditz’s cactus pottery that cracks and crumbles under the unnatural pressure of commercial interests.

The Ol ’Blue and White
Ceramic works created by artists including Chu Teh-Chun and Ann Agee are quite similar to the classic blue and white ceramics that were developed in Asia in the 14th century and are present all over the world. as an extremely expensive item on global trade routes. Young artists Jesse Small and Raed Yassin have reused white and blue patterns for a contemporary trend; Small’s Triton Ghost # 1 recalls the origins of commercial ceramics as well as Mrs. Pac Man’s.

Wax statues museums – the destinations that worth visiting in HongKong

The first Madame Tussauds wax museum opened in London in 1835 and now has many locations around the world. The Hong Kong branch is the first in Asia and opened in 2000.

The wax museum in Hong Kong is located inside the famous Peak Tower – a famous shopping complex with ultra modern design and breathtaking views. Visit this Museum, visitors can admire many world famous faces in ten themed areas: Hong Kong charm, Royal, history and national heroes, television, world stars, SCREAM, Championship, legend, music monument and Fantasy Kingdom.

Located on a mountain, this museum opens a world of lifelike wax figures of celebrities, from artists to politicians. Here, visitors can take photos with wax figures of famous people that tourists love.

Hong Kong Madame Tussauds invested 20 million HKD, with over 100 wax statues. Although the fare is not cheap, every day thousands of people line up to “meet” their stars and idols.
At the museum there are more than 100 wax figures with a scale of 1: 1 on display across three floors. With each wax statue, the museum’s sculptors have to spend 3-4 months working to make the character lively, with eyes to attract viewers. Each statue looks, but it all exudes their own charisma and style. In particular, each wax statue has the same character and measurements as the real character.
To get the doll in Madame Tussauds, the characters must ensure two factors: fame, excellence.

At the entrance of the museum, visitors will get the wax statue of the martial arts star Jackie Chan to pick up before starting the journey through many thematic areas including Music Idol, Hong Kong Glamor area (the throne Famous stars) and Champion area.

In addition to the enjoyment of the wax sculpture of famous people, Madame Tussauds Hong Kong also offers visitors a completely new experience in the Scream area. Here, visitors will play a passenger who strayed into an abandoned psychiatric hospital and had to find his way out of the dark corridors, avoiding wax statues as well as scary makeup actors nape hair. Occasionally on the way there will be unexpected obstacles appear that visitors are afraid to take heart and also cry out in a frightened way. If you are a fan of haunted houses and horror games, Scream is a place for visitors to visit.

End the journey with the stars at Hong Kong’s Madame Tussauds souvenir shop, which sells a lot of souvenirs and gifts; from individual hand waxes, to small figurines, 3D glass cubes and many other options.

Walking around a museum, it is very interesting to see the wax forming technology. Possibly, the image creation technique has far advanced compared to the early days of sculptor Marie Tussauds. From the exhibition of some famous figures in England and France more than 200 years ago, Marie Tussauds has now opened its doors in many major cities around the world. Each museum is a space gathering wax figures of politicians, scientists, writers, amateurs, music stars, athletes … for generations. It is estimated that there are thousands of stars in all areas appearing in the Madame Tussauds museum system.

With over 100 wax figures, Madame Tussauds Hong Kong will bring an interesting experience to all visitors in the Hong Kong tour. And the interaction with the famous star, where every visitor can become a star, or simply compare themselves to the wax statue.