Tag: clay

Unique Houses Are Made of Clay

Casa Terracota is located in Villa de Leyva, a mountain village 95 miles north of Bogota, Colombia. It was built by Colombian architect, Octavio Mendoza. The house is built entirely of clay and baked in the sun, not using steel, cement or other reinforced materials. The house is 5,400 ft2 (502 m2).

The two-story house with a sleeping area is fitted with beds, tables and chairs that are also made of local clay and baked in a kiln. There is a fully equipped kitchen such as dishes, jars, and jars all made of clay. The house uses solar panels to heat up, toilets and bathroom sinks are decorated with colorful mosaic tiles.

Mendoza, who has spent most of her career designing houses, buildings and churches, calls a clay house a project for life. Mendoza’s goal, he said, is to demonstrate how land can be turned into habitable architecture.

In addition, there is another clay house in Vietnam. The owner is Mr. Nguyen Van Buol, an artisan with nearly 30 years in pottery. With the superficial, solid and red natural eye-catching few people know that the house is built from 90% clay materials. Determined to revive a traditional village of the area at risk of disappearance, a brick-ceramic house also formed from there. To him, it is not simply a love of pottery, but he also wants to prove that the old red color will once be a new artistic color for the houses of South Vietnam.

Talking to reporters and artisans in ceramics, it took him nearly ten years to build ideas and prepare materials for a house as magnificent and solid as now.

Not only did he design the drawing himself, he calculated the technical factors himself, Mr. Buôl also sketched each art detail by himself without going to any school. The difficulty is that everything must be aligned so that the material is still raw clay.

It was not until mid-2018 that a red ceramic house made of baked clay was formed. Thanks to taking advantage of the pre-made materials, in just 3 months the house made of baked clay with an area of 300m2 has assembled the frame.

What to Notice When Buy Clay for Your Children

Clay is a toy that brings many benefits for children to help stimulate creativity when children are in school. However, if not carefully selected, the type of toxic clay can affect the health of children.

Most children love playing with clay. Outside the classroom, children can play at home or in the play area for children. However, not all types of modeling clay are safe. You need to pay attention when choosing clay for your child, so as not to adversely affect the health of the baby.

There have been many cases of unsecured clay use, which causes children to have redness and itching. There are also more severe cases that the child may be affected by the nervous system and reproductive organs. Therefore, experts recommend that parents should consider and choose the right type of clay for children.

Choose clay with reputable brand and clear origin

Currently, there are many types of clay from reputable brands from the United States, Thailand, Japan, South Korea and Vietnam. Before choosing to buy, parents should refer to brands with clear origins. Good clay is usually more expensive than usual, but it is accompanied by reliability and safety commitment. This is something parents should note.

Parents should absolutely not purchase un branded branded clay. They are usually sold on sale by price. Unsafe clay is no different than letting children play with poison.

The composition of the clay is non-toxic and meets the quality safety standards

According to the researchers, the unsafe clay contains many metals, chemical synthetic scents and inorganic substances are not good for health. Young children have a weak immune system and resistance. Exposure to these types of clay for a long time will cause damage to the body. Safe quality clay is usually made from wheat flour, salt, cooking oil and food coloring materials, so it can be eaten.

Select modeling clay to age to easily help children learn and play at the same time

After passing a quality test, parents need to pay attention to the age appropriate for the baby to play and the child’s interests. Children under 3 years of age, mothers should choose soft, easily molded soil and bright, attractive colors. For older children, you should let them choose according to personal preferences to create their own creativity. On the market there is a variety of baby clay sets such as professional themed sets, modeling clay with animals or creative images.

What Is Sporting Clays?

Sporting clays is considered as clay pigeon shooting. This sport is often described as playing golf with shotguns because a typical course consists of 10 to 15 different shooting stations on natural terrain. For safety, the course size is usually no less than 35 acres.

Clay pigeon shooting, also known as clay target shooting, is officially called soulless shooting. This is the art of shooting at special flying targets, called clay pigeons or clay targets.

The term often used by clay shooters is often related to time ago. It takes place when live pigeon competitions are held. Although such contests were deemed illegal in the United Kingdom in 1921, a target could still be called a “bird”, a shot could be called a “kill” and the target was miss is “bird away”; The target projector is still called a “trap”.

This is a kind of shooting competition. Shoot the clay released from the trap (clay discharge kit) (a plate with a diameter of 11 cm of baked clay mixed with altitude and lime) with a shotgun and compete for the number of grinding times. There are traps and shoots. Previously, six shooters became a group, five stands were constantly moving and a piece of clay was emitted to fly away to the shooter within 45 ° left and right from the front trap 15 m was shot. The second type shoots clay alternately or simultaneously emits from the high and low traps on the left and right of the firing table.

The angle to the clay varies a lot as it consecutively matches seven images arranged in a semicircle and eighth zoom board in the center. It originated from a shooting game by releasing a domestic pigeon made in England since the late 18th century. Shooting at the Olympic Games is an official event at the Athens Olympic Games 1, but clay shooting (son) is the first Parisian Olympics 2nd. The shooting of women’s clay from the 2000 Sydney Olympic Games also became an official event. In Japan, at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, Watanabe Kazuzo won a silver medal in a trap, becoming the first medal acquisition in Asia.

Parrots Eat Clay in The Amazon Forest

Macaws and parrots in general of the Amazon rainforest specialize in clay. They gathered together on the banks of the river to peck the land, which created a splendid spectacle that attracted thousands of tourists.

But why do these birds eat clay? A majority of scientists think that they lack sodium in their diet. Sodium is essential for many body activities. Many herbivores have a complete plant-based diet. Their bodies require more salt because plants do not contain enough salt. Therefore, animals often feed on sodium by licking salt. Clays and soils contain lots of sodium, as well as many other nutrients like potassium and magnesium.

In addition, it is not excluded the ability of parrots to eat clay to eliminate toxins in the body from their regular food. When parrots eat clay, the clay particles react with natural toxins like quinine and tannic acid, which prevent the toxins from being absorbed from the digestive tract. However, research seems to suggest that this species of parrot deficits sodium.

For parrots in the Amazon, sodium is considered essential for the functioning of the nervous system as well as muscle contraction. The supply of sodium in tropical rainforests is often difficult to find but is stored in clay tablets. It is estimated that the Amazon clay soils contain 40 times more sodium than the foods that parrots normally consume. Sodium is essential but often severely lacking in the diet of the Amazon parrot. Therefore, they need to eat clay, especially during important times like pregnancy.

There are many locations in Paraguay, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and Ecuador in the Amazon rainforest where visitors can come across clay-eating parrots. However, most tourists choose the Tambopata National Reserve in southeastern Peru to visit because the terrain there is quite convenient for travel. In addition, visitors can visit this parrot in Manu National Park, also in Peru, or Yasuni National Park, in Ecuador. These two locations also attract a large number of visitors.

Tools And Tips When Using Clay in Handmade

Besides choosing the right clay, the tools and tips at home are also vitally important.

Tools

In addition to clay, you can take advantage of the items available in the house to create products. However, if more tools will help you manipulate easily and create more professional products. You can easily find these tools on the web or at bookstores or handmade materials shops.

– Clay

– Steel clay modeling tools

– Oil paint or acrylic

– Sponge foam soil flowers

– Incubation cream: Helps protect leftover clay for use next time (apply around the clay and place in a tight container)

– Soft ice cream: Helps the Japanese clay soften and give it the desired consistency

– Colloid milk: Transparent color, used to adhere product parts together.

– Mold for cutting flowers

– Rolling machine

– Clay solution: Create soft coatings on products such as cakes. Use by mixing with clay.

Some basic guidelines

– Color mixing: Mix directly into clay (oil color) or paint when dried (acrylic)

– Use composting cream or soft cream to make soft clay. However, a lot of soft ice cream will make it difficult for the clay to form.

– Use a pen with no smudge, color drift to draw small details on the product.

Note

– When modeling clay, we mainly use our hands to manipulate. So choose a clay type of origin & safety to avoid health effects (skin, nervous system, etc.)

– Store excess clay in sealed bag.

Instructions for making simple products from handmade clay

To prepare these beautiful flowers you need to prepare some materials and tools

  • Japanese clay
  • Color to mix with clay (oil color)
  • Basic clay tools
  • Fairy powder / pastels

Manipulation:

  • Use white clay to shape it with your chosen flower color.
  • Roll and flatten the clay.
  • Use a knife to cut into small petals
  • Use your hand to shape the desired shape
  • Use a metal-tipped tool to spread thin petals out
  • Use a razor to flap the wings evenly and naturally
  • Putting the petals together
  • You can use the stigmata available or decorate with round beads. Or use pastel colored powder in the middle.
  • Just attach the finished product to your hairpin, flick your hair or connect it with a string to make you have something unique and pretty.

Clay Casino Tokens

A chip (also known as a token, check, or check) is a gambling device used in casinos. They are often used in casinos to play games of chance like poker, blackjack, roulette, etc. It is similar in appearance to money but is thicker to place bets instead of placing money or gems directly for security reasons.

Gambling chips are made of metal, plastic, or hardened clay coated with metal. Depending on the different play styles, their values (visible in colors) can be far apart. Contrary to popular belief, there is no official weight for casino chips. The chips circulating in most Las Vegas are no more than 10 grams.

Although the first gambling venue was legalized in Venice in 1626, gambling chips did not appear for nearly two hundred years. From before the 19th century, poker players used many valuable small objects to exchange such as pieces of gold, bone, leather, paper, etc.

Many companies from the 1880s and 1930s make poker chips from clay. There are nearly 1,000 styles to choose from, most of which are white, red, blue, and yellow, but in theory can make any color you like. You can see these colors when you visit some online casinos.

The hobby of collecting gambling chips increased with the operation of the Casino Chips & Gaming Tokens Collectors Club, founded in 1988. Some chips cost up to $ 100,000 and often trade on eBay. Many casinos also produce their special deck of cards and chips for sale.

The form, color, texture and value of the chip varies by casino or casino group. The five most popular chip colors are: white, red, blue, green and black. In addition, in Europe also accept the standards of Bellagio. The number of chips needed for a poker game depends on the number of players at the table and the practice variations. Cards are usually sold in sets of 100 to 1000 pieces.

Things to Know When Using Polymer Clay

Polymer clay is not a pleasant type of clay for those who are familiar with sliced or lightweight clay. And the sincere advice is to test it properly and not follow the reckless instructions of the seller.

Is polymer clay hardened, does it expire?

Polymer clay is harder than air dry clay. Most before use, users never go through the condition to soften the clay. There are many ways such as using rolling pin or rolling machine to roll the clay until it is soft or using the hands to roll the clay. The temperature in the process will soften the clay. Or simply, you can use clay softener. However, the truth is that the clay softener should only be applied when the clay is out of date.

How to store polymer clay?

Do not think polymer clay is not dry clay in the air, so no need to store. You should use a zip-lock bag to remove the opened clay and add some baby oil.

Does the house have an oven, can it be microwave or boiled or steamed with clay?

  • With the microwave: my advice is NEVER. You just try, and you will see the black clay and full of smoke.
  • Slow / boil: Each clay brand usually has a certain baking temperature requirement. Kato is 150 degrees. Premo and Scupley are 130 degrees. Fimo is 110 degrees. And if you learn chemistry, you know, water boils at 100 degrees. Is it 100 degrees to ripen when the required temperature is at least 110 degrees?.

But you should also try, when your products are small 5cm or less and not too thick.

Instead of buying multiple colors, can I buy white and blend in?

  • Mixing with acrylic color/oil color: Acrylic oil and oil color will dry the clay. Not to mention that when you bake, the heat causes the oil in the color to burn. Only use acrylic to cover the surface when the clay has finished baking.
  • Food color mixing: can use. But it will take a lot of color to dye the clay. And you cannot use the boiling method.
  • Use chalk pastel: can be used. You should apply a matte or gloss coating before baking.

After baking, cracks appear on the product?

90% is the temperature is not right & enough. The oven depends on the brand and after a period of use the temperature will no longer be accurate. Therefore, it will usually take longer than the temperature & time noted on the package.

How to Choose a Suitable Polymer Clay Brand

There are many brands of polymer clay. So which one is best? Actually, there is no correct answer. Depending on your purpose, you will select each suitable brand. Here is some basic information about some popular brands for your reference.

Original Sculpey

Its clay is only white and Tera. The clay is the softest. It is also the cheapest, which is suitable for mock-ups, sculptures or designs that need work with paint or spray paint. However, Original Sculpey is not a good choice when making large products that need good support because the finished product is very fragile. Overall, its products are suitable for children.

Sculpey III

Soft and easy to mold by hand or clay gun. The clay has many different colors, blends easily, but is quite soft and brittle after baking, especially with thin products. Therefore, Sculpey III is more suitable for display products than for jewelry. Its products are also difficult to use when making clay cane.

Super Sculpey

Products of this brand are beige and human skin. Easily molded and firm after baking. Suitable for making large items like statues, dolls, or pedestals for other products during baking. However, you need to use cornstarch to prevent soil contact.

Sculpey Ultralight

This clay is extremely soft and easy to knead, but becomes very hard after baking. Only white, but you can paint it with acrylic or spray it after baking.

Premo! Sculpey and Premo! Accents

Premo! Sculpey and Premo! Accents are softer than Fimo Classic, but harder than Sculpey III. Premo is quite flexible when baked, which makes it difficult to break even with thin pieces. Accents line contains mica powder so the color has a sparkle or metallic luster. And Premo colors often come with familiar names like Aquamarine or Red Cadmium.

Fimo Soft & Fimo Effect

Its properties are very similar to those of Sculpey III. It has many colors and high softness. This type of soil maintains its strength and elasticity after baking.

Fimo Classic

Fimo Classic is quite hard, so it keeps the shape and color you want. Therefore, it is suitable for making clay cane.

Kato

Kato is the hardest of all polymer clay, but it also has the strongest durability after baking. The best way to soften it is rolling with a rolling mill or roller. Kato is less colorful than other types, but the colors are perfect for valuable artwork.

Pardo

This is a rare brand. Colors due to mica powder should be more sparkling than the same color of other brands. Especially the clearest colors. Soft and often more expensive than other types.

Clay Court in Tennis: What Are The Differences?

Let’s learn a bit about the basic structure of a clay court in the traditional structure with natural materials and ClayTech clay court.

The first is traditional clay courts in France and Italy with almost 100% natural materials. Specifically, the basic structure of these pitches is as follows:

  • The lowest layer is gravel and small stone for quick drainage, if the outdoor yard is invested a lot of money, right under the rock and gravel there is a drainage system.
  • Next is the material taken from iron ore: waste materials of iron ore.
  • Next is a hard lime layer with about 5 – 7cm thick.
  • Top layer: People use a mixture of fine clay mixed with brick to blend in a certain formula to form a layer of flour and this layer of flour is evenly spread on the ground.

It is the top 2 layers that make a big difference to the clay court which makes the ball bounce high but slow. We can see the difference between Madrid Master 2012 and Rome Master 2012. The clay ground in Rome Master bounces higher and slower than the Madrid Master 2012 yard. The steps of running or bouncing down the red dust flying very clearly. The surface of the upcoming Roland Garros is the same standard and structure as the Rome Master.

ClayTech ground

The yard at Madrid Master is a hard plastic surface and converted into clay court using ClayTech technique. The basic structure of Clay Tech clay court includes:

  • The bottom layer of ClayTech clay ground is a mixture of concrete mixed with synthetic resin such as the common Hard Court yard.
  • Next is a layer of glue.
  • The top layer is called ClayTech: ClayTech consists of a buffer layer with Synthetic – polypropylene material and covered on top is a special powder mixture. It is no longer pure clay mixed with ground bricks, but replaced by a layer of industrial clay powder that has properties similar to clay mixed with ground bricks. And this layer of flour and the bounce of the ball faster makes Nadal, Djokovic and other players complain about the pitch at the Madrid Master recently.

Types of Clay Used in Handmade

Extremely popular clay in life from modeling clay for young children to handmade clay. Clay makes it easy to shape and blend colors to satisfy your imagination. If you want to try making some DIY items from clay, let’s read this article carefully.

Clay is a soft and flexible substance when it is moist so it is easy to shape. The clay will become solid when dry and become a solid when heated at high temperatures. So clay is very useful in the craft field. From different types of clay will produce different types of materials when baked in different conditions such as ceramic, porcelain or earthenware. Basic clay is mainly white, gray, red depending on the compound in clay.

In the field of handmade we mainly have 3 basic types based on their properties including polymer, air dry and non-dry clay.

Air dry clay: Dry after molding with normal ambient temperature. Use art creation. High price. Originated from Japan and spread to countries like Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, etc. Air-dry clay is mainly white. After shaping by hand, the clay will be dry and hard when exposed to air. This clay does not tolerate water even with resin. This clay is colored with acrylic or mixed with oil paint.

Polymer Clay: Use an oven or water bath. Made from synthetic plastic polyvinylchloride polymer. Easy to create images by hand. Good adhesion, durability and beautiful. Use heat (can use an oven with appropriate temperature & time or water bath) to heat polymer clay. Due to its extreme durability & long shelf life, it is suitable for making jewelry, dolls, models, etc. However, this clay cannot be rolled like dry clay. There is also a type of thin clay to cover the surface or stick to the product.

Non-dry clay: Colorful, soft, easy to form, fragrant and reusable many times should be used as modeling clay for children.

Handmade products from handmade clay are extremely diverse such as chibi / dolls, earth flower paintings, mini food, keychains, earth flowers, jewelry, accessories, etc.